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About Event

Introduction: – It is permanent government international organization which hits political, economics, and military organization aiming to maintain place, security and stability in the region.

-Formed in 2001

-SCO charted signed in 2002, and forced in 2003

-It is a statutory document which outlines the organization goals and principles as well as its structure and core activities.

-Official language- Russian and Chinese.

Genesis/formation/ background:

-Prior to creation of SCO in 2001, Kazakhstan, china, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan were members of shanghai five.

-S-five (1996) emerged from a series of border demarcation and demilitarization talks which the four former suit republics held with china to insure stability along the borders.

-After that it remand in 2001

-India and Pakistan became member in 2017.

Members:- Kazakhstan, china, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India, Pakistan.

Observes state:- Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, Mongolia.

Dialogue partner:- Azerbaijan, Armenia, Cambodia, Nepal, Turkey, Sri lanka.

Objective:- 1. Strengthening the trust and neighborliness among the member states.

  1. Promote effective co-operation in politics traded economy, research & technology and culture.

3.Enhancing ties in education, energy, transport, tourism environmental protection etc.

  1. Maintain place, security and stability in the region.
  2. Establishment of democratic, fair and rational new international political& economic order.

Guiding principle:- Based on shanghai spirit

  1. Common development on the behalf of natural trust, mutual benefit, equality, mutual commutations, respect for cultural diversity.
  2. External policy in accordance of non-alignment, non-targeting any third country and openness.

Strengths of SCO

  1. It covers 40% of the global population, nearly 20% of the global GDP and 22% of the world’s land mass.
  2. SCO strategically important role in Asia’s due to its geographical significance-this enables it to American influence in region.

Challenges of SCO

  1. Security challenge i.e. security, combating terrorism, extremism, drug and weapon trafficking, illegal immigration etc.
  2. They are rich in diversity, language, history national interests and form of government, wealth, culture makes the SCO decision making challenging.

Importance for India

That will integrate and promote connectivity and stability across borders.


India being a deficient country in terms of energy, SCO will provide it with an opportunity to meet its energy requirements through regional diplomacy.

# Construction of TAPI [Turkmenistan Afghanistan – Pakistan –India] which is stalled project, IPI [India-Pakistan-India] pipelines, can get a much push through the SCO.

Trade: – SCO provides direct access to central Asia overcoming the main hindrance in flourishing of trade between India and central Asia.

-SCO in an alternative route to central Asia.

-Economic ties-central Asian countries provides India with a market for its IT, telecommunications, banking, finance and pharmaceutical Industries, geopolitical benefit.

-Central Asia is a part of India’s Extended Neighborhood-SCO provides India an opportunity to pursue the “Connect central Asian policy.”

-Helping fulfilling the aspiration of India in extended policy with neighborhood as well as cracking the ever growing influence of china in for Asia.

-Platform to engage with traditional friend Russia as well as its rivals china and Pakistan.

Challenges of SCO membership for India

  1. Pakistan inclusion in SCO passes potential difficulties for India.
  2. India ability to assert itself would be limited and it may have to play second fiddle since china and Russia are co-founders of SCO and its dominant powers.
  3. India may also have to either dilute its growing partnership with the west or engage in a delicate balancing act-as SCO has traditionally adopted an anti western posture.